Hard Water: How It’s Damaging Your Home and What You Can Do About It

Hard Water: How It's Damaging Your Home and What You Can Do About It

Are you unknowingly causing damage to your home? Have you ever heard of hard water and wondered what it is, or how it affects your everyday life? Hard water is a type of water that contains higher levels of calcium and magnesium than regular tap water.

In this post we will explore why it’s essential for homeowners in areas with hard water sources to take measures against its damaging effects before bigger problems arise! Get ready as we discuss exactly how this mineral buildup can negatively impact different aspects inside your house – from plumbing fixtures suffering corrosion due to limescale accumulation all the way through preventing efficient use energy like hot showering temperature stability issues caused by blocked pipes.

What Is Hard Water

Have you ever noticed white spots on your dishes or shower doors that won’t come off no matter how hard you scrub? Chances are, it’s caused by something called “hard water”. Hard water has a higher concentration of two minerals: calcium and magnesium carbonates. These elements can be present in the groundwater when it makes its way to our homes – giving us harder-to-clean obstacles.

Is your water leaving behind pesky mineral deposits? Hard water, with a pH level between 7-9, is created when carbon dioxide and bicarbonate ions bind together; making it difficult for soap to wash away contaminants. Fortunately, local treatment plants are here to help keep the bad stuff out of our water supply.

How hard water is formed

Have you ever wondered why your dishes have a build-up of soap scum or showering leaves an unpleasant film on your skin and hair? Well, hard water could be the culprit! Hardness in water forms due to calcium and magnesium deposits that accumulate when rainwater travels through underground aquifers.

Don’t worry if your tap water tastes different – it’s all part of the natural hydrologic cycle! Water starts off as soft, acidic and slightly mineralized when rain or snow falls from clouds. Then over time, minerals like calcium build up in the water which makes it hard – this is perfectly normal and nothing to be concerned about.

Water is a universal solvent, capable of dissolving minerals as it slowly filters through the sedimentary layers and porous rocks. Depending on the soil in your region, it can absorb calcium and magnesium from limestone and gypsum. This will cause the water to be harder than normal.

Measures of water hardnessHard Water as TDS

Measuring the hardness or softness of water can be expressed in terms of grains per gallon (gpg). One grain is equivalent to 0.002 ounces of calcium carbonate dispersed into one gallon.

  • 0–3 gpg = soft water
  • 3.5–7 gpg = moderately hard water
  • >7.5 gpg = hard water and requires treatment

Water hardness is also measured in parts per million, or ppm.

Water hardness in the United StatesWater Hardness in the United States

Are you concerned about the quality of your drinking water? The National Water-Quality Assessment (NAWQA) Project recently conducted a study which found that an astonishing 85% of households in the United States are dealing with hard water.

Their study of the nation’s domestic wells found that those living in the east-central and western United States are more likely to experience this, as mineral deposits from carbonate aquifers can cause it.

Related articles:
Why Do Some Places Have Hard Water?
US Cities with Hard Water: Surprising Facts

Signs of hard water

Are you curious if your home has hard water? Keep an eye out for these telltale indicators to find out.

  • White, chalky residue or spots on dishes and in your dishwasher
  • Clothes and linens that feel rough and look dull
  • Scale buildup on faucets and ugly stains on white porcelain
  • Dry skin and flat hair – because soap just doesn’t lather or rinse completely away
  • Low water pressure from showers and faucets due to clogged pipes

Effects of Hard Water on Your HomeHard Water Damage to water heater

Despite being a nuisance, water hardness is not a health hazard. The presence of hard water in your home can cause a number of issues, such as the accumulation of mineral deposits in plumbing systems and appliances, along with lackluster results from using soaps or detergents.

Damage to plumbing and fixtures

Hard water may not pose a health risk, but it can be an uninvited guest that wreaks havoc on your home. Scale buildup from hard water and mineral deposits accumulate over time to clog pipes, decrease water flow, corrode fixtures and surfaces – leading to costly repair bills if left unchecked.

Hard water can wreak havoc on your plumbing system and fixtures. Not only does it leave behind an unsightly white residue, but the mineral buildup weakens pipes over time leading to potentially devastating leaks or burst pipes. Corrosion of parts as well as reduced pressure are also common risks that come with hard water – so take action now before disaster strikes.

Decreased water flow

Limescale buildup and mineral deposits can clog pipes and reduce the pressure of your home’s water flow. Ensure peace of mind with simple steps to prevent this common issue.

Does your home have hard water? Then you’ve likely experienced a decrease in showerhead pressure and overall flow rate. This issue only intensifies as time passes, as scale accumulates within your water pipes.

Stains on fixtures and appliances

Hard water has the tendency to leave an unwelcome mark on your fixtures and appliances, creating unsightly orange-to-white stains that may be rough or even resistant to basic cleaning. Luckily there are steps you can take today so those pesky spots won’t ruin the look of your home.

Don’t let unsightly stains ruin your fixtures and appliances! Do regular cleaning and maintenance to help keep them in great shape, which will save you time and money on costly repairs or replacements.

Increased energy costs

Save money on energy costs by preventing hard water buildup! Hard water can be a drain on your pocket, as it contains minerals that will form a scale-like layer over the coils of hot appliances. This reduces their efficiency and causes them to consume more energy in order for the appliance to heat up – meaning you’re paying extra money out of pocket thanks to these pesky particles. Combat this problem before it starts – invest in ways to prevent hard water buildup now for long term savings down the road.

Not only can the scale buildup cause damage to your appliance, but it also drastically shortens its lifespan and eventually leads to costly repairs or even replacement.

Health Effects of Hard Water

Drinking hard water has no detrimental effects on one’s health and is even known to have certain benefits.

Do you feel like your skin and hair are lacking moisture? If so, then it may be time to install a water-softening system in your home. This can help restore luster back into both of these essential body parts.

If you cannot use a water filtration system, then consult with a dermatologist and inquire about different moisturizers and hair products that can help mitigate the harms of hard water.

Skin irritation and dryness

Soap residue left on your skin from hard water can give you more than a smooth, clean feeling—it may also cause dryness or irritation. The minerals found in this type of water reduce its rinsing capacity and therefore leave soap behind after bathing.

This leads to an overproduction of oil that could really irritate the surface layer of your skin. Make sure to switch up with softer H20 for healthier, happier looking skin.

The pH balance of the skin can be affected by hard water, leaving it more susceptible to bacteria and infections–especially for those who have eczema.

Skin problems associated with hard water include:

  • dry skin
  • itchy skin
  • acne
  • eczema
  • dermatitis
  • hard water rash

Related articles about the harm hard water causes to your skin:
8 Harmful Effects of Hard Water on Your Skin
Does Hard Water Cause Eczema?

Negative effects on hair and scalp

Hard water’s high concentration of minerals, such as calcium and magnesium, can be the source of your dryness woes. When these build up on your scalp they lead to an itchy feeling and dandruff flakes – not a great look.

Additionally this mineral residue makes it hard for conditioners or other products to give your hair that extra bit of nourishment that every tress needs.

Hard water can be a real headache when it comes to your hair. It can cause frizz, dryness and brittleness – not to mention dandruff. If you’re struggling with hard water- related woes, why not try switching out for a shower filter or installing a system that softens the minerals in your home’s H2O? You’ll likely notice smoother locks after giving it go.

Despite the potential for hard water to be detrimental to your hair’s health, it is not responsible for baldness or other forms of hair loss. These conditions are usually due to genetics and not the mineral content of your water.

Read my articles about the effects hard water has on hair:
7 Signs of Hard Water on Hair and What to Do About It
Does Hard Water Cause Hair Loss: A Comprehensive Guide
Can Hard Water Cause Dandruff?
Does Hard Water Make Your Hair Greasy?


Testing for Hard WaterTesting Hard Water with a test kit

If you suspect that your water is hard, a simple home testing kit will help in diagnosing the problem or alternatively contact a local expert to conduct an extensive professional test. By accurately identifying the hardness of your water, you can efficiently choose an appropriate treatment solution for your home.

At-home testing kits

Want to know all the minerals in your water? Pick up an at-home test kit from a local hardware store or online retailer.

Quick, easy and informative results will let you discover exactly how much calcium, magnesium and other essential elements are present. Get informed about what’s really coming out of your faucets with these DIY testing kits.

Professional testing services

If you’re looking to get the most out of your water, a professional test is what you need. With it, an expert in local water treatment can provide invaluable insight into the unique characteristics of your H2O.

They’ll also help recommend options on how best to treat and improve its quality — giving you peace-of-mind knowing that only purest liquid runs through those taps.

Solutions for Hard Water

There are several ways to treat hard water, including water softening systems, reverse osmosis systems, and water filters. No matter what solution you go with, make sure it is tailored to decrease the levels of calcium, magnesium and other minerals in your water.

Related articles:
Do Hard Water Filters Actually Work?
Does Boiling Hard Water Make It Soft?

Water softeners

A Water Softener filters out the minerals that make your tap water harder, so you can enjoy purer softer H2O. The process of exchanging ions for more desirable ones is an easy way to protect pipes and increase efficiency in appliances. Experience a refreshing change today with a Water Softener solution.

Your water softener needs something special to keep it functioning at its best – salt. Through a simple regeneration process, this salt stored in the brine tank helps flush out any hard minerals from your system. Instantly improving how effective your softener is and ensuring you have lovely, clean-tasting water flowing through every tap.

Descaling agents

Keep your pipes and fixtures in great condition by using descaling agents. These easy-to-use products work to soften hard water, trapping minerals so they can’t build up and cause damage. Get the peace of mind that comes with knowing your plumbing is safe and sound.

Descaling agents are an effective, inexpensive solution for dealing with hard water. From liquid concentrates to tablets to powders, there’s a form that fits your needs. Give them a try and enjoy softer water in your home – not just from the tap but also on fixtures and appliances as these products help reduce scale buildup over time.

Reverse osmosis systems

Installing a reverse osmosis system is an effective way to ensure that your household gets rid of the impurities and minerals that cause it. Get great-tasting, clean drinking water in no time – a healthier home awaits you!

This task is conducted through a series of semipermeable membranes, which permit water molecules to pass while retaining larger substances. The filtered and softened water is then collected for use as drinking water.

Investing in a reverse osmosis system is the best way to make sure your water is clean, safe and free from hard water, scale buildup and mineral concentrations. Not only will it be effective but also cost-efficient.

Water conditioners

Water conditioners are an easy and effective way to make hard water soft, safe, and healthy. Using a cation exchange process they can reduce scale buildup by trading sodium ions for calcium and magnesium – giving you softer drinking water without taking away any of the essential minerals your body needs.

Water conditioners do not require salt, and installation and maintenance are simpler than ever.

Combining a water softener with other filtration systems, such as reverse osmosis filters, will guarantee you the utmost in softness when it comes to your household’s water. With a water conditioner, you can feel confident that your water is pure, gentle and secure.


Are your fixtures and plumbing showing signs of wear caused by hard water? Take charge with one of the many solutions available to soften it up. Descalers, reverse osmosis systems, or even a simple water conditioner can help reduce mineral concentrations so that you have clean and safe drinking—and bathing—water in no time.

The Filter Guy

Scott Birch is a water filtration installer and designer. He has worked in the industry for many years and is very familiar with and knowledgeable about residential water treatment equipment. Scott enjoys helping people get the most out of their water filtration systems and ensuring that their homes are getting the best possible quality of water.

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